Researchers have recognized that Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may be detected in children as young as age two. Now, Swedish researchers have discovered signs of autism in even younger children who have been subsequently diagnosed with the situation.
Utilizing eye movement measurements, the researchers examined the response pattern of infants uncovered to visual stimuli. They then checked in on the children at age 3 to see if any had received a diagnosis of ASD.
The outcomes suggest that children with ASD have much less social motivation as infants, in line with researchers at Uppsala University, who performed the research.
Both infants and parents usually use their voice or different signs to share experiences.
Little children can get the attention of an adult by making noise, which permits them to meet their needs and interests. This is a crucial way that infants learn language and social skills.
Before they can discuss or point, nevertheless, babies use their eyes to influence their parents. They could look back and forth between their parents and a cat, balloon or bird they think is exciting, for example.
This early, silent communication was exactly what the researchers wanted to investigate.
They wished to see if they’d find differences in 10-month-old babies by measuring their eye actions and factoring in their risk of autism.
The examine included children who had an older sibling with autism. Most younger siblings of children who’ve been identified with ASD develop usually. However, they nevertheless have a higher probability of being diagnosed with ASD than the general population.
The researchers used children who weren’t at increased threat of ASD as a control group. A complete of 112 infants participated in surveys that have been characterized by play, while an eye tracker recorded their gaze.
“The outcomes indicate that children with autism don’t take as much initiative to communicate with adults as normal when they’re infants,” says researcher Terje Falck-Ytter at the Department of Psychology at Uppsala University.